You're at least 700 feet above the surface of the water. Your engine is dead, and your fuel tank is almost empty. Below you are just a few miles from land, but it's not looking good—the wind is blowing you too far out to sea. The sun is starting to set, and you have no idea how long your plane will stay afloat if something goes wrong (like a sudden gust of wind).
In this worst condition, you need to assess the situation. If you can, get out of the plane and look around. Take stock of your surroundings so that if you're going to have to make a water landing, you know how deep the water is, how much turbulence there might be, and what kind of obstacles may be in your way.
Landing a plane over water is one of the most stressful situations you can face as a pilot. It's so bad that some airlines require their pilots to practice landing on the water before they can fly for them.
If you're a pilot, you've probably thought about what happens if your plane has to make an emergency landing over water. Here is what you require to know when finding out How to Land a Plane in an Emergency.
Landing on the water is different from landing on land. So many variables can affect your ability to stop quickly and safely—things like hills, trees, and other cars when you're on the ground. But when your plane is in the air and coming down at a high rate of speed, there's no friction between your tires and the runway (or water) below them—so stopping is easier!
Since there is no friction between the plane's tires and the ground/water below them, you should lower your landing gear before attempting a water landing. Otherwise, your wheels may catch on something underwater before they reach their full extension—which could cause massive damage or even breakage!